The Bachelor of Arts in Economics prepares students for careers in business, government, and non-profit organizations, as well as for graduate study in law, business, public policy, and economics. Follow the Economics Departments on Twitter: @USanDiegoEcon.

Lower-Division Preparation for the Major (19-20 Units)

ACCT 201  Principles of Financial Accounting
  • Introduction to accounting records, their purpose and use, emphasizing the establishment of a solid conceptual background. Accounting procedures for specific asset, liability, and owner’s equity accounts are also examined from the point of view of users of financial statements. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing.
ECON 101  Principles of Microeconomics
  • An introduction to consumer behavior and the theory of the firm. Topics include the demand behavior of households, the supply behavior of business firms, an introduction to market structure, and the workings of input markets.
ECON 102  Principles of Macroeconomics
  • The study of the operation of the American economy in an international setting, examining the interaction of households, business firms, government, and the rest of the world in resource, product, and financial markets. Topics include national income accounting and analysis, business fluctuations, inflation, unemployment, and monetary and fiscal policy. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 216  Statistics for Business and Economics
  • A systematic exposure to the issues and problems of applying and interpreting statistical analyses of business situations. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, random variables and their distributions, statistical inference, multiple regression and residual analysis, correlation, classical time-series models, and forecasting. Extensive computer analysis of data. Prerequisite: MATH 130 or 150.
ITMG 100  Information Systems
  • An introduction to computer-based information systems and their role in business and other organizations. Topics include information technology, information systems and development concepts, and application software. Emphasis on improving student skills as knowledge workers through the effective use of business productivity software and the Internet. Instructional methods include lecture, case study, hands-on projects, and student presentations.
MATH 130  Survey of Calculus
  • A terminal mathematics course giving an introduction to the concepts and techniques of elementary differential and integral calculus. Note 1: This course is not equivalent to MATH 150, and will not serve as a prerequisite to MATH 151. Prerequisite: MATH 114 with a grade of C– or better, MATH 115 with a grade of C– or better, or pass Level 2 mathematics placement exam within the previous year. (every semester)
or MATH 150 or Calculus I  
  • Fundamental notions of analytic geometry, differential and integral calculus with elementary applications; historical references. Prerequisite: MATH 115 with a grade of C– or better, or pass Level 2 mathematics placement exam within the previous year. Students without a solid trigonometry background are strongly recommended to take MATH 118 prior to or concurrently with MATH 150. (every semester

Note:  Student must have completed 60 units to take upper-division courses.

Must average "C" with no grade below "C"

ECON 201  Intermediate Microeconomics
  • The economic theory of demand, production, product and input markets, welfare, and general equilibrium. Applications of price theory, including its use in evaluating and forming public policy. Prerequisite: ECON 101, Math 130/150.
ECON 202  Intermediate Macroeconomics
  • Examines the causes of fluctuations in important national economic variables, such as aggregate output, interest rates, the rate of inflation, the rate of unemployment, and exchange rates. Investigates the feasibility of stabilizing the economy through the use of fiscal and monetary policy. Prerequisite: ECON 102, Math 130/150.
ECON 370  Applied Econometrics
  • The study of the construction and estimation of econometric models and econometric research. This is a project-oriented course designed to integrate economic theory with econometric analysis. Prerequisites: ECON 201, 202, and 216. (fall semester only)
ECON 490W  Senior Seminar
  • A course to enhance analytical and research skills in the field of economics. Students will develop individual research projects of their own interest, integrating relevant concepts from business and economics. Prerequisite: Senior standing, ECON 370. (spring semester only)

6 Upper-Division ECON Electives (Classes offered vary by semester):

ECON 302 Public Finance
  • An introduction to public sector economics, concentrating on the revenues and expenditures of federal, state, and local governments. Topics include public goods, externalities, voting theory, cost benefit analysis, and the study of taxation and government transfer programs. Prerequisite: ECON 102.
ECON 304 Urban Economics
  • The application of economic analysis to urban and regional areas. Topics include the theory underlying urbanization and the location of economic activity, the methodology utilized to analyze urban and regional economies, and problems and policies related to urban areas, such as housing, poverty, transportation, and local public finance. Special attention will be given to the San Diego metropolitan area. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 308 Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
  • An analysis of the economic principles that underlie the allocation, pricing, and use of natural resources. Topics include the intertemporal allocation of depletable resources, the economics of fisheries and forestry, issues in the distribution and use of water resources, the economics of recycling and waste disposal, and economic perspectives on global warming and ozone depletion. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 310 Money and Banking
  • A study of the structure, regulation, and performance of the banking industry in the United States, focusing on the strategy and procedures of the Federal Reserve System. Examines the problems encountered by the Federal Reserve System in trying to achieve its goals. Prerequisite: ECON 102.
ECON 321 Women and Work
  • Analysis of women's market and nonmarket work activities. Topics include gender roles, allocation of time, occupational distribution, earnings, government programs and their impact by gender, and the role of women and work in other countries. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 322 Labor Economics
  • An analysis of the operation of labor markets focusing on the market system for wage determination. Topics include the supply and demand for labor, wage determination under various market structures, human capital formation, discrimination in labor markets, collective bargaining and the structure of pay, unemployment, and wage inflation. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 324 Industrial Organization
  • Examines the role of different industrial structures in the performance of industrial markets, including the influence of different structures on major competitive forces in the market: entry, threat of substitution, bargaining power of buyers, bargaining power of suppliers, and rivalry among current competitors. Develops competitive strategies in various industrial environments. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 327 Law and Economics
  • The application of economic methodology to the principal areas of law: property, contracts, torts, and crime. The economic concepts of maximization, equilibrium, and efficiency are used to examine the consequences of existing and proposed laws and legal institutions. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 329 Real Estate Economics
  • An analysis of the economic principles that underlie the market for real estate. Topics include an evaluation of land resource requirements, input-output analysis in land use, economic foundations of valuation of land and improvements, taxation issues in real estate, and land use policy. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 333 International Economics
  • The theory, practice, and institutions of the international economy. Topics include international trade and investment, balance of payments, foreign exchange rate determination, multinational enterprises, trade with developing countries, and international economic policy. Prerequisite: ECON 102.
ECON 335 Economic Development of Latin America
  • An analysis of the determinants of economic development and growth in Third World countries in general and Latin America in particular, along with associated problems and policies. Topics include theories and policies concerning population, income distribution, education, capital formation, finance, agriculture, industry, trade, and economic planning. Prerequisite: ECON 102.
ECON 337 Economic Development of Asia
  • An analysis of the determinants of economic development and growth in Asia and the Pacific Rim, along with associated problems and policies. Topics include theories and policies concerning industry, agriculture, domestic savings and investment, human resources, international trade, foreign capital, and external debt. Prerequisite: ECON 102.
ECON 353 Sports Economics
  • The application of economic principles to analyze a wide range of issues in professional sports and collegiate athletics. Principles from the economics of labor markets, industrial organization, and public finance are applied to the analysis of sports issues. Issues discussed include league formats, rival leagues, franchise relocation and venue location, player salaries, free agency, salary caps, arbitration, player development, discrimination, NCAA rules on scholarships and eligibility, financial aspects of collegiate athletic programs, revenues from merchandising and broadcast rights, and economic impact analysis of sports teams on a local community. Prerequisite: ECON 101.
ECON 371 Business Cycles and Forecasting
  • Examines the business cycle and techniques for forecasting fluctuations. The emphasis of the course is to gain hands-on exposure to specific business forecasting techniques and learn to apply them to limit the range of uncertainty in management decision making. Specific techniques covered include lead-lag, exponential smoothing, and econometric and arima (Box-Jenkins) time series analysis. Prerequisites: ECON 102 and 216.
ECON 373 Managerial Economics
  • The application of analytical techniques and economic principles to analyze typical problems encountered by managers. Topics include risk analysis, demand analysis, sales forecasting, production analysis, cost estimation, pricing decisions, and capital budgeting. Prerequisites: ECON 102 and 216. (spring semester only)
ECON 380 Advanced Economic Theory
  • An introduction to mathematical techniques used to analyze economic problems to gain a deeper understanding of economic decision making through the use of mathematical models. Topics include comparative statistics, optimization problems, dynamics, and mathematical programming. Mathematical techniques covered include matrix algebra, differential and integral calculus, differential equations, and difference equations. Prerequisites: ECON 102 and MATH 130 or 150.
ECON 494 Special Topics
  • Topics of current interest in economics. Course content and structure will differ depending on instructor. Consult your advisor for course description for any given semester. May be repeated once for credit. Prerequisite: ECON 102 and consent of instructor.
ECON 498 Internship
  • Experiential learning working in a business, government, or nonprofit organization. Placements provide the opportunity for practical application of economics, business, and accounting principles. Placement must emphasize economics field. See schedule of classes for special meeting times. This course may not be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Senior Economics majors only; junior Economics majors with 75 units and senior Economics minors with consent of instructor.
ECON 499 Independent Study
  • Study of economic theory and public policy through selective readings and research. A maximum of 3 units of independent study may be used to satisfy requirements for the major. Prerequisites: Economics or Business Economics major, senior standing, and consent of instructor.

Residency Requirements

The business economics major requires that a minimum of 18 upper-division units in the major be completed at USD.

Successful completion of the Professional Development Passport Program is also a requirement for graduation for all Business majors.