On March 14, University of San Diego Professor David Shirk, PhD, director of the Trans-Border Institute, testified in front of the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs on Border Security at a hearing titled, “Border Security: Measuring the Progress and Addressing the Challenges.”
Dr. Shirk is an expert in the field of border relations and the socioeconomic and cultural ramifications of border security and politics.
Part of Dr. Shirk’s executive summary includes:
“The U.S.-Mexico border has become increasingly fortified over the last two decades, as U.S. authorities have deployed greater manpower, technology, and physical barriers to prevent the entry of unauthorized immigrants and other perceived threats into U.S. territory. The current border security regime represents an enormous shift from the not so distant past, when the Southwest was a vast, sparsely populated frontier. Over the course of the last century, efforts to improve border enforcement evolved dramatically as a result of reactions to a series of crises related to questions of national identity, nativism, and nationalism in the early 20th century; cross-border smuggling and the war on drugs in the mid- to late-20th century; and, more recently, terrorism and national security in the early 21st century.”
Dr. Shirk conducts research on Mexican politics, U.S.-Mexican relations, and law enforcement and security along the U.S.-Mexican border. He teaches and lectures widely on related issues in the United States, as well as Latin America and Europe. He is currently the principal investigator for the Justice in Mexico project, a bi-national research initiative on criminal justice and the rule of law in Mexico.
– Melissa Wagoner