Faculty Publications

To better understand the issues of peacebuilding, conflict resolution, social justice and human rights, we publish articles, research papers, studies, thought leadership papers and much more. View our digital library below to learn more about the global challenges we face and the solutions being put into action to advance peace and justice.

  • Ami Carpenter

    Carpenter, Ami C. (2019). "Resilience to Sectarianism in Baghdad and Dohuk." In J. Martini, D. D. Kaye & B. Wasser (Eds), Countering Sectarianism in the Middle East. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. URL:https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR2799.html

    Carpenter, Ami C. “In Hand, Out of Hand: Weapons and Violence Culture in Large Latino Gangs.” In Global Perspectives on Youth Gang Behavior, Violence, and Weapons Use, edited by Simon Harding and Marek Palasinski. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2016.

    Carpenter, Ami C. "Gangs and Drug Trafficking: Challenges for Conflict Resolution in Mexico and Guatemala. In Linking Political Violence and Crime in Latin America, edited by Kirsten Howarth and Jenny H. Peterson. New York: Lexington Books, 2015.

    Carpenter, Ami C. and Stacey Cooper. Understanding Transnational Criminal Networks: A Contribution to Community Resilience: A Social Network Analysis of the San Diego/Tijuana Border. Journal of Gang Research 22:3 (2015), 1-24.

    Carpenter, Ami C. “Changing Lenses: Conflict Analysis and Mexico’s ‘Drug War.’” Journal of Latin American Politics and Society 55:3 (2013), 139-160.

    Carpenter, Ami C.Civilian Protection in Mexico & Guatemala: Humanitarian Engagement with Druglords & Gangs.The Homeland Security Review, 6:2 (2012), 109-136.

    Carpenter, Ami C. “Havens in a Firestorm: Perspectives from Baghdad on Resilience to Sectarian Violence.Civil Wars 14:2 (2012), 182-204.

    Full list of publications.


    View Ami Carpenter's profile

  • Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick

    Books and Edited Work

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin. 2020. The Good Drone: How Social Movements Democratize Surveillance. MIT Press.

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin and Gordon Hoople. 2019. Drones for Good: An Integrated Approach for Developing a Sociotechnical Mindset. Morgan & Claypool (Synthesis Lectures on Engineers, Technology, and Society).

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin. 2017. What Slaveholders Think: How Contemporary Perpetrators Rationalize What They Do. Columbia University Press.

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin (ed). 2016. Journal of Human Trafficking. Special Issue 2(1): “Slaveholders and Traffickers.”

    Brysk, Alison and Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick (eds). 2012. From Human Trafficking to Human Rights: Rethinking Contemporary Slavery. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

    Recent Articles on Human Rights and Social Movements

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin. 2016. “From Rescue to Representation: A Human Rights Approach to the Contemporary Anti-Slavery Movement.” Journal of Human Rights.

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin. 2015. “Democracy and its Appearances: Staging and Scripting the Iron Law.” Social Movement Studies. 14(2).

    Vaidyanathan Brandon, Michael Strand, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick, Thomas Buschman, Meghan Davis, and Amanda Varela. 2015. “Causality in Contemporary American Sociology: An Empirical Assessment and Critique.” Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin. 2014. “Drones for Good: Technological Innovation, Social Movements and the State. Journal of International Affairs. Volume 68; Number 1. 1-18.

    McVeigh, Rory, Josh Dinsman, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick, and Priyamvada Trivedi. 2011. “Obama vs. Clinton: Categorical Boundaries and Intra-Party Electoral Outcomes.” Social Problems 58(1): 47-68.

    Recent Articles on Technology and Engineering

    Elizabeth Reddy, Gordon Hoople, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick. 2018. “Peace Engineering: Investigating Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary Effects in a Team-Based Course About Drones”, in American Society for Engineering Education.

    Gordon Hoople, Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick. 2017. “Engineering Empathy: A Multidisciplinary Approach Combining Engineering, Peace Studies, and New Technology,” in American Society for Engineering Education, Cleveland, Ohio.

    Choi-Fitzpatrick, Austin and Tautvydas Juskauskas. 2015. “Up in the Air: Applying the Jacobs Crowd Formula to Drone Imagery.” Procedia Engineering 107.

    View Austin Choi-Fitzpatrick's profile

  • Cid Martinez

    Martínez's research focuses on urban politics, policing, gun violence, criminology, religion, immigration, social theory, and interracial relations, with an emphasis on Latinos and African Americans.  

    View Cid Martinez's profile

  • Dustin Sharp

    "Through a Glass Darkly; Three Important Conversations for Human Rights Professionals," (Journal of Human Rights Practice, forthcoming).

    "Positive Peace, Paradox, and Contested Liberalisms," (International Studies Review, forthcoming).

    "Pragmatism and Multidimensionality in Human Rights Advocacy," 40 Hum. Rts. Q. 499 (2018).

    Re-Thinking Transitional Justice for the 21st Century: Beyond the End of History (Cambridge University Press, 2018)

    “Re-Appraising the Significance of ‘Third-Generation’ Rights in a Globalized World,” in Ekaterina Yahyaoui Krivenko (ed.), Human Rights and Power in Times of Globalization (Brill | Nijoff, 2018)

    “Transitional Justice and 'Local' Justice,” in Cheryl Lawther, Luke Moffett & Dov Jacobs (eds.), Research Handbook on Transitional Justice (Edward Elgar, 2017).

    “Human Rights Fact-Finding and the Reproduction of Hierarchies,” in Philip Alston and Sarah Knuckey (eds.), The Transformation of Human Rights Fact-Finding (Oxford University Press, 2016).

    “Emancipating Transitional Justice from the Bonds of the Paradigmatic Transition,” 9 Int’l J. Transitional Justice 150 (2015)

    "Accountability: A Critical Link in the Security-Development Nexus," in Jessica Piombo (ed.), The U.S. Military in Africa: Enhancing Security & Development (Lynnne Rienner, 2015).

    "Security Sector Reform for Human Security: The Role of International Law and Transitional Justice in Shaping More Effective Policy and Practice," in Matthew Saul & James Sweeney (eds.), International Law & Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy (Routledge, 2015).

    “The Significance of Human Rights for the Debt of Countries in Transition,” in Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky & Jernej Cernic (eds.), Making Sovereign Financing & Human Rights Work (Hart Publishing, 2014).

    Justice & Economic Violence in Transition (Springer, 2014).

    “Addressing Dilemmas of the Global and the Local in Transitional Justice,” 29 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 71 (2014).

    “Beyond the Post-Conflict Checklist: Linking Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice Through the Lens of Critique,” 14 Chicago J. Int'l L. 165 (2013).

    “Interrogating the Peripheries; The Preoccupations of Fourth Generation Transitional Justice,” 26 Harv. Hum. Rts. J. 149 (2013).

    "Bridging the Gap; DDR, Transitional Justice and the United Nations Peacebuilding Commission," in Chandra Lekha Sriram, Olga Martin-Ortega, and Johanna Herman (eds.), Transitional Justice & Peacebuilding On the Ground: Victims and Excombatants (Routledge, 2012).

    “Addressing Economic Violence in Times of Transition: Toward a Positive-Peace Paradigm for Transitional Justice,” 35 Fordham Int'l L. J. 780 (2012).

    “Requiem for a Pipedream; Oil, the World Bank, and the Need for Human Rights Assessments,” 25 Emory Int’l L. Rev. 379 (2011).

    View Dustin Sharp's profile

  • Emily Keehn



    Health, Human Rights, and the Transformation of Punishment: South African Litigation to address HIV and Tuberculosis in Prisons
    Health and Human Rights Journal, Vol 20, Issue 1, (June 2018) Co-author: Ariane Nevin

    Decriminalization and the U.N. Human Rights Bodies
    Human Rights Program Research Working Paper Series 18-002 (March 2018)

    Uneven and Still Insufficient: South African Police Services’ Station-Level Compliance with Sexual Offences Laws
    9 Feminist Criminology 87, (2014) Co-authors: Lara Stemple, Cherith Sanger, and Dean Peacock

    The Equality Courts as a Tool for Gender Transformation
    UCLA Center for the Study of Women Thinking Gender Papers (2010)



    Pollsmoor: Reducing overcrowding in a South African remand detention facility
    Evidence for HIV Prevention in Southern Africa (EHPSA) Case Study (August 2018) Co-author: Ariane Nevin

    Current Practices to Increase Uptake, Retention and Adherence for Option B+ in Malawi
    mothers2mothers Malawi (October 2014) Co-author: Julie Karfakis

    Evaluation of South Africa’s Judicial Inspectorate for Correctional Services
    Sonke Gender Justice (July 2013) Co-authors: Nomonde Nyembe and Tanya Sukhija



    When America had an open prison - the story of Kenyon Scudder and his ‘prison without walls’
    (The Conversation, 6/14/2019) Co-author: Dana Walters

    How Mass Incarceration Harms U.S. health, in 5 Charts
    (The Conversation, 1/31/2018) Co-author: J. Wesley Boyd

    Investing in International Human Rights in the Age of Trump
    (Human Rights Program Blog, 12/15/2016) Co-authors: Anna Crowe and Yee Htun

    Justice is Long Overdue for the Widows of South African Mineworkers
    (The Guardian, 10/25/2016) Co-author: Dean Peacock

    Overcrowded Jails Deadly, Inhumane
    (Bhekisisa, Mail & Guardian, 06/05/2015) Co-authors: Clare Ballard and Czerina Patel

    Miners Seek Justice Over Killer Dust
    (Mail & Guardian 03/06/2015) Co-authors: Dean Peacock and Anele Yawa

    South African Prison Rape Survivors Speak Out for the First Time
    (The Huffington Post 12/08/2014) Co-author: Sasha Gear

    Break the Silence on HIV in Prison
    (Mail & Guardian 04/11/2014)

    Prison Rape is No Joke
    (Pretoria News 07/24/2013) Co-authors: Sasha Gear and Mbuyiselo Botha

    South African Police Much Too Macho
    (Mail & Guardian 03/06/2011) Co-author: Dean Peacock

    View Emily Keehn's profile

  • Hans Peter Schmitz

    Hall, N., Schmitz, H. P., & Dedmon, J. M. (2019). Transnational Advocacy and NGOs in the Digital Era: New Forms of Networked Power. International Studies Quarterly.

    Deloffre, M., and Schmitz, H.P. 2019. International NGO legitimacy. Challenges and responses, Routledge Handbook of NGOs and International Relations, ed. by T.R. Davies, London: Routledge.

    Schmitz, H.P. 2018. International Criminal Accountability and Transnational Advocacy Networks (TANs), The Oxford Handbook of International Security, ed. by A. Gheciu and W.C. Wohlforth, New York: Oxford UP, 697-710.

    Mitchell, G.E., and Schmitz, H.P. 2018. The Nexus of Public and Nonprofit Management, Public Performance & Management Review 42 (1): 11-33.

    Boyer, E., Kopalkov, A., and Schmitz, H.P. 2018. Do Executives Approach Leadership Differently when they are Involved in Collaborative Partnerships?  A Perspective from International Nongovernmental Organizations (INGOs), Public Performance & Management Review 42 (1): 213-240.

    Schmitz, H.P., and Mitchell, G.E. 2016. The Other Side of the Coin: NGOs, Rights-Based Approaches, and Public Administration, Public Administration Review 76 (2), 252–62.

    Gneiting, U., and Schmitz, H.P. 2016. Comparing Global Alcohol and Tobacco Control Efforts: Network Formation and Evolution in International Health Governance, Health Policy and Planning 31 (suppl 1), i98-i109.

    Schmitz, H.P. 2016. The Global Health Network on Alcohol Control: Successes and Limits of Evidence-based Advocacy, Health Policy and Planning 31 (suppl 1), i87-i97.

    Shiffman, J., Quissell, K., Schmitz, H.P., Pelletier, D.E., Smith, S.L., Berlan, D., Gneiting, U., Van Slyke, D., Mergel, I., Rodriguez M., and Walt G. 2016. A Framework on the Emergence and Effectiveness of Global Health Networks, Health Policy and Planning 31 (suppl 1), i3-i16.

    Mitchell, G. E., and Schmitz, H.P. 2014. Principled Instrumentalism: A Theory of Transnational NGO Behavior, Review of International Studies 40 (3), 487-504.

    Lecy, J.D., Mergel, I., Schmitz, H.P. 2014. Networks in Public Administration. Current Scholarship in Review, Public Management Review 16 (5), 643-65.

    Schmitz, H.P. 2012. A Human Rights-based Approach (HRBA) in Practice: Evaluating NGO Development Efforts, Polity 44 (4), 523-41.

    Schmitz, H.P., Bruno-van Vijfeijken, T., and Raggo, P. 2012. Accountability of Transnational NGOs: Aspirations vs. Practice, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 41 (6), 1176-95.

    Lecy, J.D., Schmitz, H.P., and Swedlund, H. 2012. Non-Governmental and Not-for-Profit Organizational Effectiveness: A Modern Synthesis, Voluntas 23 (2), 434-57.

    Baur, D., and Schmitz, H.P. 2012. Corporations and NGOs: When Accountability leads to Co-optation, Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1), 9-21.

    View Hans Peter Schmitz's profile

  • Necla Tschirgi

    Tschirgi, Necla and Richard Ponzio. “The Dynamics that Shaped the Establishment of the Peacebuilding Architecture in the Early Years.” In UN Peacebuilding Architecture, edited by Cedric de Coning and Eli Stamnes. New York: Routledge, 2016.

    Tschirgi, Necla. “Rebuilding War-Torn Societies: A Critical Review of International Approaches.” In Managing Conflict in a World Adrift, edited by Chester Crocker, Pamela Aall, and Fen Hampson. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2015.

    Tschirgi, Necla and Cedric de Coning. “Ensuring Sustainable Peace: Strengthening Global Security and Justice through the UN Peacebuilding Architecture.” Background Paper. Report of the Commission on Global Security, Justice & Governance. The Hague Institute for Global Justice, 2015.

    Tschirgi, Necla. “The Securitisation of Peacebuilding.” In Routledge Handbook of Peacebuilding, edited by Roger Mac Ginty. New York: Routledge, 2013.

    Tschirgi, Necla, Michael S. Lund, and Francesco Mancini, eds. Security and Development: Searching for Critical Connections. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2009.

    Full list of publications.

    View Necla Tschirgi's profile

  • Philip Gamaghelyan


    Gamaghelyan, Philip. 2017. Conflict Resolution Beyond the International Relations Paradigm: Evolving Designs as Transformative Practices in Nagorno-Karabakh and Syria, Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Societies Series. Stuttgart: ibidem Press/Columbia University Press


    Refereed Articles and Book Chapters

    Gamaghelyan, Philip. 2019. “Armenia.” In the Palgrave Handbook of Conflict and History Education in the Post-Cold War Era, edited byLuigi Cajani, Simone Lässig, and Maria Repoussi. Palgrave Macmillan.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip. 2012. “Social Media: A New Track of Multi-Track Diplomacy.” In Peacemaking: From Practice to Theory, edited by Susan Allen Nan, Zachariah Cherian Mampilly, and A. Bartoli, 2:477–91. Praeger Security International. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip. 2010. “Rethinking the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Identity, Politics, Scholarship.” International Negotiation 15 (1): 33–56.

    Kusa, Dagmar, Adam Saltsman, and Philip Gamaghelyan. 2010. “Mediating History, Making Peace.” In The Handbook for Working with Difficult Groups: How They Are Difficult, Why They Are Difficult and What You Can Do about It, edited by Sandy Schuman, 1st ed, 251–74. The Jossey-Bass Business & Management Series. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.


    Electronic Publications and Publications Associated with Practice

    Gamaghelyan, Philip. “Nagorno-Karabakh: Nationalist Politics at Geo-political Cross-roads.” April 19, 2019. The Progressive Post.  

    Pınar Sayan, Maria Karapetyan, Philip Gamaghelyan, Bülent Bilmez (eds.). August, 2019. Alternative History Education Modules for Armenia and Turkey. In English, Armenian, and Turkish. 

    Gamaghelyan, Philip, Sevil Huseynova, Maria Karapetyan, and Pinar Sayan, eds. 2018. “Political Transitions and Conflicts in the South Caucasus.” Brussels: Caucasus Edition.

    Dilanyan, Sona, Philip Gamaghelyan, Sergey Rumyansev, and Pinar Sayan, eds. 2018. “Community-Driven Conflict Transformation in the South Caucasus: Challenging Gender Norms, Dealing with the Past, and Protecting the Environment.” Tbilisi: Caucasus Edition.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip, Maria Karapetyan, Sergey Rumyansev, and Pinar Sayan, eds. 2017. “Visions and Strategies for Conflict Transformation: Dominant and Alternative Discourses on Gender, Militarism, and Peace Processes.” Berlin, Tbilisi: Caucasus Edition.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip, Sevil Huseynova, Maria Karapetyan, and Sergey Rumyansev, eds. 2016. “The South Caucasus and Its Neighborhood. Form Politics and Economics to Group Rights.” Istanbul: Caucasus Edition.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip, and Sergey Rumyantsev. 2014. “History Education in the South Caucasus.” Turkish Policy Quarterly 12 (1). http://turkishpolicy.com/article/680/history-education-in-the-south-caucasus-spring-2014.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip. 2013. “A Word of Caution against Framing Syria as an Assad-Opposition Dichotomy.” Turkish Policy Quarterly 12 (3). http://turkishpolicy.com/article/651/a-caution-against-framing-syria-as-an-assad-opposition-dichotomy-fall-2013.

    Gamaghelyan, Philip, and Christopher Littlefield. 2012. “Facilitator Co-Debriefing.” Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Beyond Intractability. http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/facilitator-co-debriefing

    View Philip Gamaghelyan's profile

  • Topher McDougal

    McDougal, Topher L., Athena R. Kolbe, Robert Muggah, and Nicholas Marsh, “Ammunition Leakage from Military to Civilian Markets: Market Price Evidence from Haiti, 2004-2012,” Defence and Peace Economics, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2018.1492226.

    McDougal, Topher L., The Political Economy of Rural-Urban Conflict: Predation, Production, and Peripheries, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

    McDougal, Topher L., Talia Hagerty, Lisa Inks, and Stone Conroy, “The Effect of Farmer-Pastoralist Violence on State-level Internal Revenue Generation in Nigeria: A Modified Synthetic Control Analysis Approach,” Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/peps-2017-0010.

    Ferguson, Neil T.N., Maren M. Michaelsen, and Topher L. McDougal. “From Pax Narcotica to Guerra Publica: Explaining Civilian Violence in Mexico’s Illicit Drug War.” In Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Prevention, edited by Charles H. Anderton and Jurgen Brauer. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

    McDougal, Topher L. and Raul Caruso. “Is there a relationship between wartime violence and postwar agricultural development outcomes? The case of concessions and community grants in Mozambique,” Political Geography 50 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2015.09.001.

    McDougal, Topher L.Some Observations on the Practical Peace Scholar,” Business, Peace, and Sustainable Development 5 (2015).

    McDougal, Topher L. “Estimating the Size of the Illicit Small Arms Economy in San Diego”, Working Paper 201511-01 Small Arms Data Observatory, 2015.

    McDougal, Topher L., Talia Hagerty, Lisa Inks, Claire-Lorentz Ugo-Ike, Caitriona Dowd, Stone Conroy, and Daniel Ogabiela. “The Effect of Farmer-Pastoralist Violence on Income: New Survey Evidence from Nigeria’s Middle Belt States,” The Economics of Peace and Security Journal 10:1 (2015).

    McDougal, Topher L., Talia Hagerty, Lisa Inks, Claire-Lorentz Ugo-Ike, Caitriona Dowd, and Stone Conroy. “The Macroeconomic Benefits of Farmer-Pastoralist Peace in Nigeria’s Middle Belt: An Input-Output Analysis Approach,” The Economics of Peace and Security Journal 10:1, (2015).

    McDougal, Topher L. and Lars Almquist. “The Effects of Agricultural Cooperatives on Land Conflicts, Violence, and Community Trust: Household-Level Evidence from Rural Burundi,” Economics of Peace and Security Journal 9:2 (2014).

    McDougal, Topher L., Athena Kolbe, Robert Muggah, and Nicholas Marsh.“Ammunition Leakage from Military to Civilian Markets: Market Price Evidence from Haiti, 2004-2012” Working Paper 201407-01, Small Arms Data Observatory, 2014.

    McDougal, Topher L., David A. Shirk, Robert Muggah, and John H. Patterson. “The Way of the Gun: Estimating Firearms Traffic Across the U.S.-Mexico Border”, Journal of Economic Geography, 2014.

    Conroy, Stephen J. and Topher L. McDougal “Editorial: Addressing the Call for Leadership for Peace and Prosperity,” Business, Peace, and Sustainable Development 3 (2014), 3-12.

    McDougal, Topher L.Stability and the Economy: Cooperative Game Theoretic Implications for Economic Policy in a Dual-Sector Economy,” Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 2:2 (2013).

    McDougal, Topher L.Law of the Landless: The Dalit Bid for Land Redistribution in Gujarat, India,” Law & Development Review 4:1 (2011), 141-167.

    McDougal, Topher L.Predation and Production in a Core-Periphery Model: A Note,” Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 17:1 (2011).

    Full list of publications.

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