Summary of mission manzanita and its traditional use

Kumeyaay name: haasill

Mission Manzanita (Xylococcus bicolor)

Mission Manzanita is a one of the 40 species of manzanita that grow in California. This plant is an evergreen shrub that only grows wild along the coast from Los Angeles to Baja and on Santa Catalina island. This species has been described as having the appearance of a madrone crossed with an olive tree. The mission manzanita is unique among the manzanitas in that it features extra-large flowers and leaves.

The Kumeyaay harvest the berry from this plant. They break open the berry and grind it into a tasty drink. The large leaves of this plant are boiled and drunk as a tea to help treat the kidneys. The sturdy roots can be dug up and used as firewood.