Counseling Center

Drop Shadow

Goals, Objectives and Competencies

By the end of the internship, trainees will demonstrate competence in the following areas:

Goal I: To train interns in the development of the professional skills, behaviors, and identity necessary to...

Goal II: To train emerging professionals with applied psychological skills and knowledge in preparation for their entry into practice, as evidenced by their ability to…

Goal I: To train interns in the development of the professional skills, behaviors, and identity necessary to...

Objective A. …cultivate appropriate ethical strategies and decision making skills.

Comptetency 1. Interns will demonstrate appropriate ethical thinking and decision making.

a. Knowledge of APA ethical principles.
b. Knowledge of California laws and regulations relating to the practice of psychology.
c. Actively seeks out and recognizes relevant ethical and legal issues emerging in different professional activities.
d. Awareness of power differentials that influence different professional roles.
e. Seeks consultation regarding ethical quandries.
f. Uses an ethical decision making model.
g. Integrates ethical and legal understanding in performance of all competency areas.
h. Applies ethical and legal principles to decision making.
i. Keeps appropriate boundaries in professional relationships (e.g., clients, supervisees.)

Objective B. …manifest appropriate understanding of and sensitivity to diversity issues, and to integrate such understanding into all forms of service delivery.

Competency 2. Interns will demonstrate knowledge of sensitivity to, and skill in addressing diversity issues in their professional work.

a. Demonstrates broad knowledge about diversity variables.
b. Has shown awareness of stages of ethnic identity development, acculturation and other aspects of diversity.
c. Uses awareness of salient client diversity issues to inform assessment and treatment planning.
d. Modifies treatment plans incorporating awareness of cultural issues.
e. Provides culturally sensitive treatment.
f. Utilizes respectful, culturally inclusive language in professional communications.

Objective C. …cultivate an attitude of scientific mindedness that informs their professional work.

Competency 3. Interns will show knowledge of outcome research and scholarly writing that informs their treatment choices, and will investigate further information when necessary to aid in the psychological services they provide.

a. Demonstrates knowledge of relevant outcome research and theoretical writing pertinent to the treatment of client concerns.
b. Utilizes outcome research and theoretical writing pertinent to the treatment of client concerns in clinical decision making.
c. Is proactive in seeking out relevant materials that may supplement the intern’s knowledge about clinical issues.

Objective D. …establish and maintain appropriate and effective professional relationships with individuals, groups, and communities.

Competency 4. Interns will relate effectively with clients, colleagues, and members of the community. (evaluated in multiple domains)

a. Establishes and maintains effective and respectful relationships with clients.
b. Establishes and maintains effective and respectful relationships with peers.
c. Establishes and maintains effective and respectful relationships with supervisors.
d. Establishes and maintains effective and respectful relationships with members of the university community.
e. Successfully engages in interdisciplinary collaboration as evidenced by collaborative referrals to other departments or professionals.
f. Communicates clearly in written and verbal formats.
g. Maintains appropriate professional image to the community.
h. Demonstrates flexibility in responses to changes in agency, clients, etc.
i. Demonstrates understanding of and respect for different perspectives.
j. Demonstrates the ability to provide effective feedback to others.
k. Demonstrates the ability to receive feedback nondefensively.
l. Is a team player and pitches in when needed.
m. Ability to negotiate differences with others and handle conflict.
n. Possesses affect tolerance as shown by the ability to maintain professionalism in difficult circumstances.

Objective E. …demonstrate the self awareness necessary to function effectively and competently as psychologists.

Competency 5. Interns will develop an attitude of self reflectiveness that allows for accurate assessment of their own strengths, challenges, and needs.

a. Monitors internal states and the potential influence these may have on performance.
b. Actively seeks to address self-care needs identified in through introspective reflection.
c. Is aware of strengths and weaknesses and seeks to effectively address these.
d. Is aware of own biases, needs, personal beliefs and values, and the potential influence these may have on others, as well as on professional decision making.
e. Is aware of own multiple identities and roles, and the potential impact these may have on others.
f. Routinely self evaluates clinical performance by reviewing session recordings.

Objective F. …engage in supervision and consultation experiences in an effective and meaningful way.

Competency 6. As preparation for seeking out consultation in an ongoing way throughout their professional careers, interns will seek out and utilize supervision in an open and reflective manner. (evaluated in multiple domains)

a. Is open to feedback.
b. Seeks additional consultation when needed.
c. Participates actively in consultation groups.
d. Takes initiative and actively participates in supervision process.
e. Provides session recordings regularly, on at least a weekly basis.
f. Demonstrates willingness to take risks and expose areas of growth.

Objective G. …maintain accountability for professional activities.

Competency 7. As emerging professionals, interns will demonstrate their ability to take on and fulfill professional responsibilities in a proactive and responsible manner. (evaluated in multiple domains)

a. Participates actively in seminars and other training activities.
b. Is reliable and competent in completion of documentation, report writing and other commitments.
c. Is on time for professional activities.
d. Maintains appropriate deportment (professional dress, demeanor, responsiveness.)
e. Maintains accurate electronic schedule.
f. Maintains log of clinical hours and professional activities, and provides this for supervisory review weekly.
g. Is responsive to electronic and voice communications and requests.

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Goal II: To train emerging professionals with applied psychological skills and knowledge in preparation for their entry into practice, as evidenced by their ability to…

Objective H. …develop effective assessment, diagnostic and conceptual abilities.

Competency 8. Interns will develop solid intake, diagnostic and conceptualization skills.

a. Accurately assesses presenting issues taking into account the client’s larger life context, including diversity factors
b. Skill in writing intake summaries
c. Differential diagnosis skills
d. Ability to conceptualize client concerns
e. Ongoing integration of new information into conceptual understanding of client
f. Remains open to new information
g. Incorporation of testing results into treatment (when applicable)

Competency 9. Interns will develop the skills necessary to provide basic psychological testing appropriate to the college student population.

a. Administers assessments
b. Establishes and maintains rapport with testing clients
c. Conducts effective clinical interviewing
d. Provides accurate interpretation of testing results
e. Is timely in scheduling, administration and feedback process for psychological testing
f. Reports have clear purpose of evaluation
g. Reports use appropriate language (recognition of scope and limitation of results, interpretation of findings into meaningful client centered narrative, and using results to support statements)
h. Reports are comprehensive
i. Reports make appropriate recommendations

Objective I. …develop effective individual intervention skills.

Competency 10. Interns will develop effective treatment planning, therapeutic relationship-building, crisis management and intervention skills, and will document these activities effectively.

a. Treatment plans are appropriate for diagnosis
b. Treatment plans incorporate awareness of relevant outcome research and evidence based practice.
c. Treatment planning is contextual, maintaining sensitivity to client’s diversity factors and needs
d. Develops and delivers intervention(s) appropriate to presenting issues and contextual factors
e. Effectively collaborates with client in development of therapeutic goals and treatment plan
f. Ability to independently assess treatment effectiveness
g. Accurate evaluation of own performance in the treatment role
h. Attentiveness to client nonverbals
i. Ability to track content of sessions
j. Establishes rapport with a wide variety of clients
k. Ability to provide empathic therapy relationships
l. Ability to facilitate affective expression
m. Ability to provide emotional containment and structure when needed in session
n. Ability to process in the moment interactions with client
o. Awareness and management of reactions to clients
p. Awareness and management of clients’ reactions to therapist
q. Use of a theoretical framework to guide interventions
r. Ability to integrate approaches that come from a different theoretical orientation when appropriate for client's needs
s. Effective use of a time limited therapy framework
t. Demonstrates good judgment in responding to unexpected issues that arise in therapy
u. Effectively implements interventions with attention to evidence based models and flexibility to adapt when needed
v. Ability to use confrontation skills when needed
w. Sensitively plans for and addresses termination
x. Ability to assess lethality/suicidality
y. Responsiveness and flexibility in crisis situations
z. Ability to take on a more directive role when necessary in crisis situations
aa. Ability to respond appropriately to crisis situations
bb. Consults in crisis situations
cc. Integrates knowledge of contextual and diversity factors in assessing and intervening in crisis situations
dd. Ability to use the SOAP note format to document clinical sessions
ee. Writes accurate and well written intake summaries
ff. Produces documentation in a timely manner

Competency 10. Interns will demonstrate the ability to demonstrate consultation skills in the clinical realm.
a. Awareness of situations in which consultation is appropriate
b. Capacity to shift functions and behavior to meet different referral needs.
c. Ability to gather necessary information to formulate recommendations
d. Ability to provide consultation to different constituent groups (e.g., parents, Residential Life staff, professors)
e. Provides useful, effective recommendations to consultee

Objective J. …develop effective group therapy skills and behaviors, and identity as a group therapist.

Competency 11. Interns will function effectively as group therapists.

a. Uses awareness of salient client diversity issues to inform assessment and treatment planning
b. Provides culturally sensitive group treatment
c. Prescreens clients effectively
d. Utilizes here and now process interventions
e. Understands group-as-a-whole and utilizes such interventions
f. Is aware of the stages of group dynamics and development and implications for treatment
g. Actively participates in group meetings
h. Makes use of silence appropriately
i. Works collaboratively with co-facilitator

Objective K. …implement prevention efforts on a university campus (i.e., outreach presentations, brochure development, consultation, committee work.)

Competency 12. Interns will learn theory guiding effective outreach, and demonstrate effective needs assessment, outreach planning and community engagement skills.

a. Understands and utilizes prevention theory
b. Understands and utilizes student development theory
c. Uses theory to guide conceptualization of useful interventions
d. Collaborates with constituent groups to determine goals of program
e. Uses goals to guide presentation topics and methods
f. Understanding the need to use university-specific and national data to guide choices regarding outreach and prevention priorities
g. Initiates and develops new prevention efforts
h. Use of diverse and creative approaches to outreach and prevention
i. Works effectively with members of a project team
j. Is well organized and prepared for outreach and prevention activities
k. Considers relevant diversity factors in determining needs, goals, strategies, & approach.
l. Demonstrates effective communication and presentation skills
m. Responds flexibly to participant needs and characteristics
n. Confidence in presentation skills
o. Effective participation in committee work
p. Open to feedback by supervisor, interns, and outreach recipients

Objective L. …gain training and experience in supervision skills.

Competency 13. Interns will learn supervision theory and will effectively apply supervision skills.

a. Knowledge of supervision models
b. Knowledge of supervision literature
c. Application of professional literature (e.g., outcome research, empirically supported treatments, etc) into supervision
d. Demonstrates cultural sensitivity in supervision
e. Promotes a strong supervisory alliance
f. Ability to provide constructive feedback to supervisee(s)
g. Is receptive and nondefensive to constructive criticism provided by supervisee(s)
h. Uses feedback from supervisee(s) to modify supervision approach
i. Attention to process dynamics in supervision groups
j. Reviewing and providing feedback of supervisee’s recorded sessions within supervision meetings

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