A treaty (sometimes called a convention, covenant, protocol, charter, pact, etc.) is an agreement between two or more nations or international organizations. It may be bilateral (between two countries), or multilateral (between three or more countries). Example: International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, June 19, 1975, 973 U.N.T.S. 3, 9 I.L.M. 45.
Online Access to International Law
- Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL)is a free online searchable database of international law information with links to relevant primary materials and authoritative web sites.
- HeinOnline has two main databases for international materials. The Treaties and Agreements Library includes PDF images of Statutes at Large, U.S.T., T.I.A.S, Bevans, Treaties in Force, and International Legal Materials. The United Nations Law Collection includes PDF images of U.N.T.S. and L.N.T.S.
- United Nations Treaty Collection includes Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General and the United Nations Treaty Series.a
Westlaw and Lexis
Both Westlaw and Lexis contain Statutes at Large, U.S.T., T.I.A.S, Bevans, Treaties in Force, and International Legal Materials.
Even with all the right tools, treaty research can be quite difficult and time consuming. For additional guidance please refer to the LRC's Treaty Research Libguide web page.