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TitleThe Vulnerability of Subsea Infrastructure to Underwater Attack: Legal Shortcomings and the Way Forward
Author(s)Lawrence Reza Wrathall
First Page223
AbstractThis Article explores the vulnerability of submarine pipelines and cables to underwater subterfuge beyond territorial waters, particularly with regards to the emerging threat posed by unmanned vehicles in executing such mal intent. Next, it describes the legal status of this critical infrastructure before identifying shortcomings in legal protection from underwater attack. Finally, potential solutions are offered for the way forward.