Table of Contents
The University of San Diego is committed to upholding standards that promote respect and human dignity in an environment that fosters academic excellence and professionalism. Sexual misconduct and relationship violence in any form are antithetical to the university’s mission and core values, violate university policy, and may also violate federal and state law.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., is a federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities by educational institutions that receive federal financial assistance. Prohibited sex discrimination includes sex harassment. Prohibited sex harassment, in turn, includes but is not limited to sexual assault and other forms of sexual violence.
The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (“VAWA”), including the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act (“Campus SaVE Act”), is a federal law that requires colleges and universities to have procedures in place to respond to incidents of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking.
The university maintains a Policy Prohibiting Discrimination and Harassment that includes sexual harassment among its prohibited behaviors and that applies to all employees and students. Sexual Misconduct and Relationship Violence are forms of sex harassment prohibited by that policy, whether the conduct at issue occurred on or off campus. In order to address its responsibilities under Title IX and the VAWA, the university has implemented these reporting and response standards and protocols specifically to address incidents of Sexual Misconduct and Relationship Violence. All students, faculty, administrators and staff at the university are expected to be familiar with and to abide by these Standards and Protocols.
- “Alleged Offender” is any individual who is alleged to have committed an act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence.
- “Complainant” is a person who reports that he or she has allegedly experienced an act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence.
- “Consent” is an affirmative decision to engage in mutually acceptable sexual activity given by clear action or words. It is an informed decision made freely, actively and voluntarily by all parties. It is incumbent upon each participant to either obtain or give consent prior to any sexual activity. If at any time during the sexual interaction any confusion or ambiguity should arise on the issue of consent, it is incumbent upon each individual involved in the activity to stop and confirm the other’s willingness to continue, either by words or clear, unambiguous actions. Lack of protest or resistance does not mean consent, nor does silence mean consent. Consent cannot be obtained by threat, coercion, or force. Furthermore, a current or previous dating or sexual relationship is not sufficient to constitute consent, and consent to one form of sexual activity does not imply consent to other forms of sexual activity. Being intoxicated does not diminish one’s responsibility to obtain consent.
A person cannot give consent if he or she (1) is a minor (under age 18); (2) has a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability that renders him or her incapable of giving consent, and this is known or reasonably should have been known to the Alleged Offender; (3) is unconscious; or (4) is incapacitated from alcohol or other drugs, and this condition is known or reasonably should have been known to the Alleged Offender. Some indicators that an individual is or may be incapacitated due to intoxication may include, but are not limited to, vomiting, unresponsiveness, inability to communicate coherently, inability to dress/undress without assistance, inability to walk without assistance, slurred speech, loss of coordination, or inability to perform other physical or cognitive tasks without assistance.
- “Dating Violence” means any act of violence or threatened act of violence committed by a person (A) who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and (B) where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: the length of the relationship, the type of relationship, and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship. Examples of Dating Violence include, but are not limited to, causing or attempting to cause physical or sexual assault or abuse; placing another in reasonable fear of serious bodily injury; restraining another’s liberty or freedom of movement; or Stalking, where such conduct is directed against the victim by someone with whom she/he is or has been in a romantic or intimate relationship.
- “Domestic Violence” includes any act of violence or threatened act of violence committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim, by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse or intimate partner, or by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under federal or California domestic or family violence laws. Examples of Domestic Violence include, but are not limited to, causing or attempting to cause physical or sexual assault or abuse; placing another in reasonable fear of serious bodily injury; restraining another’s liberty or freedom of movement; or Stalking, where such conduct is directed against the victim by his/her current or former spouse or intimate partner or any other person from whom the victim is protected under federal or California domestic or family violence laws.
- “Relationship Violence” includes Dating Violence and Domestic Violence.
- “Sexual Assault” is any unwanted physical contact of a sexual nature that occurs either without the consent of each participant or when a participant is unable to give consent freely. Physical contact of a sexual nature includes, but is not limited to, touching or attempted touching of another person’s breasts, buttocks, inner thighs, groin, or genitalia, either directly or indirectly, or sexual penetration (however slight) of another person’s oral, anal or genital opening. Sexual assault includes, but is not limited to, rape, sodomy, oral copulation, sexual battery, sexual penetration with an object, forcible fondling (e.g. unwanted touching or kissing for purposes of sexual gratification), or threat of sexual assault. Sexual assault can occur either forcibly and/or against a person’s will, or when a person is unable to give consent freely.
- “Sexual Exploitation” is sexual misconduct that occurs when a person takes unjust or abusive sexual advantage of another for his or her own advantage or benefit or for the benefit or advantage of anyone other than the exploited party; and that behavior does not otherwise constitute sexual assault. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to, videotaping or photographing of any type (web-cam, camera, Internet exposure, etc.) without knowledge and consent of all persons; prostituting another person; knowingly transmitting HIV or a sexually transmitted disease to an unknowing person or to a person who has not consented to the risk; or inducing incapacitation with the intent to commit sexual assault, without regard to whether sexual activity actually takes place.
- “Sexual Harassment” is a form of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX. It is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature when submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of the person’s employment or education; submission to or rejection of such conduct by a person is used as the basis for a decision affecting the person’s employment or education; or such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with a person’s employment or education or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive employment or educational environment. Prohibited conduct can include unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature.
- “Sexual Misconduct” includes Sexual Harassment, Sexual Assault, Sexual Exploitation and Stalking.
- “Stalking” means engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for his or her safety or the safety of others or to suffer substantial emotional distress. Examples of conduct that may constitute Stalking include, but are not limited to, unwelcome and repeated visual or physical proximity to a person; repeated oral or written threats; extortion of money or valuables; unwelcome and unsolicited written communications, including letters, cards, emails, instant messages, and messages on social media.
- “Student” shall have the same meaning as that contained in the Student Code of Rights and Responsibilities.
The university is committed to protecting the privacy of all individuals involved in a report of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. In any report made under these Standards and Protocols, the privacy interests of those involved will be protected in a manner consistent with the need to respond to and to conduct a thorough review of the incident reported. Information will be shared only with those individuals who have a legitimate need to know the information in order to assist in the response to, investigation and/or resolution of the complaint. Please see Section IV below for information about reporting procedures and options.
Confidentiality, on the other hand, is not the same as privacy. Confidentiality means that the information shared with a certain university employee or outside professional cannot be disclosed to others without the express permission of the individual who shared the information.
Individuals who wish to obtain confidential assistance without making a report to USD may do so by speaking confidentially with professionals who are obligated by law to maintain confidentiality, subject to the stated terms of confidentiality by that office. At USD, students may speak confidentially with any of the following:
- Counseling Center psychologists, psychiatrists, or psychology interns
Serra Hall 300
- Center for Health and Wellness Promotion licensed professionals
Hahn University Center 161
- University Ministry pastoral counselors or members of the clergy who work for USD (provided that the communication occurs with the counselor or clergy member in his/her pastoral role).
Hahn University Center 238
Information shared with these confidential sources will not be shared with USD without consent, unless the disclosure is specifically permitted or required by law, such as when the circumstances pose an imminent risk of harm to self or others or where the report involves the suspected abuse of a minor under the age of 18.
For further information about on-campus and off-campus resources, see Section XIV below.
USD strongly encourages all members of the university community to report information about any incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence as soon as possible, whether the incident occurred on or off campus. Reports can be made either to USD or to law enforcement.
USD requires all faculty members, administrators, supervisors, and any employees who have responsibility for student welfare to promptly report information about any incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence to USD as provided below, unless the employee is required by law to keep that information confidential by virtue of his or her professional role (e.g. the employee received the information in his or her role as a psychological counselor or a pastoral counselor). In addition, those employees who have been informed by the Department of Public Safety that they are “campus security authorities” under the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (“Clery Act”) are legally required to report such incidents to the Department of Public Safety. All such employees to whom an incident is reported should strongly encourage the reporting party, whether it is the individual who allegedly experienced the act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence or a third party, to speak directly with the Title IX Coordinator, a CARE Advocate, or the Department of Public Safety.
- Reporting to the University of San Diego
A report to USD of an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence should be made to any of the following:
- Title IX Coordinator. The Title IX Coordinator can be reached in Maher Hall 101 in the Department of Human Resources or at (619) 260-4594. For more information about the Title IX Coordinator, please see www.sandiego.edu/hr/titleix.php.
- Trained Campus Assault Resources and Education (CARE) Advocate. You may reach a CARE Advocate at any time, 24 hours a day/7 days a week, through the Department of Public Safety’s Dispatch Office at (619) 260-2222. When you call, you should ask specifically to speak with a CARE Advocate and you may do so without providing any information other than your contact information so that a CARE Advocate can contact you.
CARE Advocates are specially trained to provide support to USD students who are impacted by Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. For more information about the CARE Advocate Program, including a list of CARE Advocates with their direct contact information during regular business hours, please see www.sandiego.edu/CARE.
- USD’s Department of Public Safety. You may reach USD’s Department of Public Safety by calling (619) 260-2222 at any time, 24 hours a day/7 days a week.
Where the matter involves allegations of sexual assault or other criminal conduct and/or the matter involves the safety of any member of the USD community, the Department of Public Safety will notify law enforcement of a report of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. If the incident is alleged to have been perpetrated against an individual under age 18, appropriate notifications will be made as required by California law addressing the mandatory reporting of incidents of child abuse and neglect.
In every case, the CARE Advocate or the Department of Public Safety will inform the Title IX Coordinator of the report. In addition, if the incident involves a university employee, the Chief Human Resources Officer will be informed of the report.
An individual who has experienced an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence may report the incident at any time, regardless of how much time has elapsed since the incident occurred. USD is committed to supporting the rights of a person reporting an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence to make an informed choice among options and services available.
USD will respond to all reports in a manner that treats each individual with dignity and respect and will take prompt responsive action to end any misconduct, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects.
- Reporting to Law Enforcement
An incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence can be reported to law enforcement at any time, 24 hours a day/7 days a week, by calling 911.
At the Complainant’s request, USD will assist the Complainant in contacting law enforcement. If the Complainant decides to pursue the criminal process, USD will cooperate with law enforcement agencies to the extent permitted by law.
As stated above, where the matter involves allegations of sexual assault or other criminal conduct and/or the matter involves the safety of any member of the USD community, the Department of Public Safety will notify law enforcement of a report of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. A Complainant has the option to decide whether or not to participate in any investigation conducted by law enforcement.
- Making an Anonymous Report
An individual may report an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence anonymously here.
An anonymous report does not require the disclosure of the name of the person making the report or the names of individuals involved, and the anonymous report may, but need not, request any particular action. Depending on the amount of information available about the incident or the individuals involved, USD’s ability to respond may be limited.
Any individual who has experienced an act or acts of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence is encouraged to take steps to preserve evidence, as doing so may be necessary to the proof of a criminal act or to obtain a protection order from the court.
The urge to change clothes or shower should be resisted. If clothing is changed, each garment should be placed in a separate paper (not plastic) bag. If the incident involves any written or electronic communications (e.g. pictures, texts, social media posts, videos, etc.), preserve copies.
Additional steps that can be taken to preserve evidence include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Medical-Legal Evidence Collection (SART Exam)
A person who has experienced an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence (particularly rape, forcible oral copulation, or sodomy) is encouraged to request collection of medical-legal evidence. Collection of evidence entails a police report and interaction with the police and the County’s Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) at an off-campus medical facility. Prompt collection of physical evidence through an exam is important should a person later decide to pursue criminal prosecution and/or a civil action. For more information regarding the SART exam, or if you wish to get a SART exam without reporting the incident to USD, please contact the Center for Community Solutions Hotline (888-385-4657) (www.ccssd.org/get-help/hotline).
- Non Investigative Report (NIR)
A person who wishes to have physical evidence collected pursuant to an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence, but does not wish to have law enforcement investigate the incident, may have this evidence collected at one of the SART facilities in San Diego County. This non-investigative SART reporting process is to allow DNA and other physical evidence to be collected and stored in the event a victim decides to initiate the investigative process at a later time. This evidence may include SART kits, clothing, or other items collected, sexual assault exam report forms, and photographs. For more information regarding the NIR option, or if you wish to pursue the NIR option without reporting the incident to USD, please contact the Center for Community Solutions Hotline (888-385-4657) (www.ccssd.org/get-help/hotline).
A person who has experienced or otherwise been impacted by an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence is urged to seek appropriate medical and/or mental health treatment as soon as possible. When the incident is reported to USD, USD will help the individual get to a safe place and seek medical attention.
The following medical treatment options are available:
- For emergency situations, contact 911 or go to the nearest hospital emergency room.
- A list of local hospitals can be found on the USD Student Health Center website at www.sandiego.edu/healthcenter.
- For non-emergency situations during regular business hours, students may visit the USD Student Health Center, located in Maher Hall, Room 140, (619) 260-4595, www.sandiego.edu/healthcenter. To contact a provider after regular business hours, contact the Department of Public Safety at 619-260-2222.
- For other resources offered at USD or in the San Diego community, please see Section XIV below.
A Complainant may seek a protective order, a restraining order, or other similar order issued by the court. At the Complainant’s request, the Department of Public Safety will assist the Complainant in making the request. Additional information is available through the Center for Community Solutions.
After a report is made and prior to a final determination, USD will implement appropriate accommodations, safety measures, and interim measures to protect the Complainant and the needs of others involved in the incident, if so requested by the Complainant or others involved in the incident and if such measures are reasonably available. The implementation of these measures typically is coordinated by or under the supervision of the Title IX Coordinator or the Dean of Students.
These measures may include, but are not limited to:
- the implementation of a USD-issued no-contact order
- academic accommodations
- residential accommodations
- transportation accommodations
- employment accommodations
- safety consultations with the Department of Public Safety
- personal protection devices
- on-campus escorts
Until the matter is resolved, and when necessary and appropriate to protect the safety and well-being of the parties involved, the Dean of Students, in consultation with the Title IX Coordinator, may limit an Alleged Offender’s access to certain USD facilities or activities or may impose an interim suspension. Interim measures taken with respect to USD employees will be implemented in consultation with the Title IX Coordinator in a manner consistent with the university’s processes applicable to the employee.
USD will respond promptly and equitably to all reports of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence to ensure the safety of the individuals involved and the USD community, in order to provide an environment that is free from gender and sex discrimination.
When a report is made, USD will initiate an investigation which typically will be conducted either by or under the supervision of the Title IX Coordinator, the Department of Public Safety, or one of their designees.
If a Complainant requests that his or her name or other identifiable information not be shared with the Alleged Offender or that USD not pursue an investigation or take any other action, USD will balance this request with its obligation to protect the Complainant and provide a safe and non-discriminatory environment for all USD community members. In these circumstances, USD will take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the report consistent with the request for confidentiality or request not to pursue an investigation, but its ability to respond may be limited by the request for confidentiality. USD will weigh the request for confidentiality against various factors, including but not necessarily limited to the following: the seriousness of the alleged conduct, any potential threats to campus safety, the respective ages and positions of the Complainant and Alleged Offender, whether there have been other complaints against the Alleged Offender, whether the Alleged Offender has a record of any prior acts of violence, and whether the circumstances suggest there is an increased risk of future acts of sexual violence under similar circumstances. USD will seek to respect the request of the Complainant, and where it cannot do so, USD will keep the Complainant informed about USD’s chosen course of action. The Title IX Coordinator and the Dean of Students are responsible for evaluating confidentiality requests.
Upon the conclusion of the fact-finding investigation, the findings are shared with those individuals at USD who have a legitimate need to know the information in order to respond to or resolve the complaint.
Complaints of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence against a USD student will be addressed pursuant to the Student Conduct Procedures contained in USD’s Student Code of Rights and Responsibilities.
Complaints of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence against a USD employee will be addressed pursuant to USD’s Policy Prohibiting Discrimination and Harassment and the procedures applicable to the employee. If termination of a faculty member is contemplated, applicable rules governing dismissal for serious cause will be followed.
The sanctions generally applicable to a student who is found responsible for violating USD’s Student Code of Rights and Responsibilities is found within the Sanctions section of the Code. Engaging in Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence is a violation of USD’s Student Code of Rights and Responsibilities and will result in the imposition of one or more such sanctions against the Alleged Offender, up to and including suspension or expulsion.
Sanctions against an employee who is found to have engaged in Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence may include, but are not limited to, verbal or written warnings, suspension, or termination from employment with USD. If termination of a faculty member is contemplated, applicable rules governing dismissal for serious cause will be followed.
USD prohibits retaliation against any person who makes a good faith complaint of an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence or any other person who participates in the investigation of any such complaint. Any incident of retaliation should be promptly reported to the Title IX Coordinator, the Dean of Students, the Department of Public Safety, or the Chief Human Resources Officer.
When an incident of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence that is reported to USD discloses an alleged crime that constitutes an ongoing or continuing threat to the USD campus community, USD may issue a timely warning in a manner consistent with the requirements of the Clery Act and USD’s Timely Warning Policy.
Any individual who has been impacted by Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence is encouraged to seek appropriate help, whether or not the individual chooses to report the incident to USD. Specific on-campus and off-campus resources for counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance and other services are listed below.
USD CAMPUS RESOURCES
- CARE Advocates, (619) 260-2222 (Public Safety Dispatch), www.sandiego.edu/CARE
Specially trained USD community members are available to support students impacted by Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. CARE Advocates will help students understand reporting options, access support services, and identify concerns and accommodations. In addition, CARE Advocates will facilitate a report to the Title IX Coordinator, the Department of Public Safety and/or law enforcement.
- USD Counseling Center, Serra Hall 300, (619) 260-4655 (for after hours emergencies, call (619) 260-2222)
Students may access confidential counseling services from licensed professionals and interns through the USD Counseling Center. See Privacy and Confidentiality, Section III above.
- USD Student Health Center, Maher 140, (619) 260-4595 (for after hours emergencies, call (619) 260-2222)
Student Health Center professional staff members are available to provide primary health care to and promote the health and well-being of USD students.
- USD Center for Health and Wellness Promotion, Hahn University Center 161, (619) 260-4618
The Center for Health and Wellness Promotion provides USD students with a comprehensive array of health and wellness promotion initiatives and clinical alcohol and other drug services.
- Title IX Coordinator, Department of Human Resources, Maher 101, (619) 260-4594
The Title IX Coordinator monitors and oversees USD’s compliance with Title IX and the prevention of sex harassment and discrimination, including the coordination of education and training activities and the response to Title IX complaints.
- University Ministry, University Center 238, (619) 260-4735
University ministers are available to provide support and confidential pastoral care to students in need. See Privacy and Confidentiality, Section III above.
- Office of the Dean of Students, University Center 232, (619) 260-4588
The Assistant Vice President for Student Affairs/Dean of Students or his/her designee is available to provide support to students and to facilitate the response to and resolution of any complaints made under USD’s Student Code of Rights and Responsibilities.
- USD Department of Public Safety, (619) 260-2222, Hughes Administration Center 144
The USD Department of Public Safety is responsible for a wide range of activities that contribute to the safety and security of the campus community, including but not limited to crime prevention programs, responding to reports of crimes and medical emergencies, facilitating reports made to the law enforcement, and providing other general assistance.
- USD Women’s Center, Student Life Pavilion 420, (619) 260-2396
The USD Women’s Center is a student-centered learning community that provides resources and engages women and men in educational dialogue around gender-related issues. The Women’s Center advocates for a safe, supportive campus environment that promotes equity among all voices.
SAN DIEGO COMMUNITY RESOURCES
- Center for Community Solutions, (858) 272-5777, www.ccssd.org
The Center for Community Solutions (CCS) is an organization whose mission is to end relationship and sexual violence by being a catalyst for caring communities and social justice. CCS provides a wide range of prevention and education programs and response services for those impacted by domestic violence and sexual assault. CCS provides a 24 hour hotline and legal, victim advocacy, counseling, and shelter and transitional services.
- San Diego Domestic Violence Hotline, (888) 385-4657
- San Diego Community Medical Resources
See Section IV above.
- San Diego Family Justice Center, (866) 933-4673
Located in downtown San Diego at 1122 Broadway, Suite 200, San Diego, CA 92101, the San Diego Family Justice Center is a public safety initiative launched by the City of San Diego to assist victims of family violence.
USD provides prevention and awareness programs on Sexual Misconduct and Relationship Violence to the campus community in order to create and maintain an environment that is safe and inclusive and that respects the dignity of each USD community member.
USD strongly encourages all USD community members to take reasonable and prudent actions to prevent or stop an act of Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence. Taking action may include direct intervention (where doing so does not present a safety risk), calling USD’s Department of Public Safety or law enforcement, or seeking assistance from a person in authority.
July 7, 2014