Academic Course Catalogs

Drop Shadow

Liberal Studies


Kay Etheridge, DMA, Music

Kim Eherenman, PhD, Languages and Literatures
Lynn McGrath, PhD, Mathematics
Perla Myers, PhD, Mathematics

The Liberal Studies Major

The Liberal Studies major is specifically for students who are interested in earning either the Preliminary Multiple Subjects credential for elementary teaching, or the Level I Education Specialist credential for teaching special education (mild-moderate), grades K-12. This major is designed as a nine-semester program: 8 semesters of coursework plus one additional semester for student teaching. With careful planning, it is possible for students to earn a bachelor’s degree and a preliminary teaching credential in four years if they carry 18 units per semester and/or take courses during the summer and/or intersession.

This major fosters a holistic experience in the required multiple subjects and provides students with a strong foundational understanding of these subjects. It is a program of study designed to graduate well-educated teachers who understand significant ideas, structures, and values in a wide range of the liberal arts and sciences; teachers who can critically analyze and synthesize information from diverse disciplines, and who appreciate diverse perspectives.

The required coursework is divided into 3 distinct categories: core courses, concentration courses, and professional preparation courses. The core courses provide instruction in the content that is tested on the CSET (California Subject Matter Competency) exam. Within the core requirements, there are 10 specialized courses designed specifically for educators; many of these courses also introduce the state’s content standards for that particular subject. Only grades of C or higher satisfy core and concentration course requirements. Only grades of B– or higher in professional preparation courses satisfy requirements for teaching credentials. No courses can be taken pass/fail. The LBST 400 course includes the capstone requirement for the program and should be taken within the last 30 units. The CSET must be passed prior to student teaching.

Students are urged to declare the LBST major as soon as possible to ensure rapid and efficient progress through the degree. Students must meet regularly with their Liberal Studies advisor throughout their enrollment. In order to complete credential requirements successfully, students should apply to the teacher credential program in the second semester of the sophomore year.

Upon admission to the teacher credential program, students will work with the Credential Program Specialist, the Multiple Subjects Coordinator, and/or the Credential Analyst within the School of Leadership and Education Sciences (SOLES). It is important for all Liberal Studies majors to meet regularly with their academic advisor in the College of Arts and Sciences to ensure that all degree requirements are met in a timely manner.

A Liberal Studies major can graduate without completing the credential coursework, as long as they meet all university requirements for graduation.

Liberal studies majors are encouraged to save all major assignments and exams completed in core and concentration courses for possible inclusion in their capstone course and credential portfolios.

Major Core Requirements (73-85 units)

The following core curriculum requirements are designed especially for the Liberal Studies major to assist with passing the CSET (California Subject Matter Competency) Exam.

Liberal Studies Major (6 units)

LBST 200 Foundations in Liberal Studies (3)
LBST 400 Senior Seminar in Liberal Studies (3)

Written Literacy (6 units)

ENGL 122 Composition and Literature for Educators (3)
ENGL 304W Advanced Composition (3)

Mathematical Competency (9 units)

MATH 115 College Algebra (3)
MATH 200 Mathematical Concepts for Elementary Teachers I (3)
MATH 300 Mathematical Concepts for Elementary Teachers II (3)

Logic (3 units)

PHIL 101 Introduction to Logic (3) or
MATH 160 Logic for Mathematics and Computer Science (3)
Recommended for students whose concentration is in Mathematics

Second Language (0-12 units)

Students must demonstrate third semester competency through coursework or examination. Students interested in the Bi-Lingual Authorization should meet the fourth semester competency in Spanish.

Natural Sciences (10 units)

CHEM/PHYS 105 Physical Science for K-8 Teachers (3)
BIOL 110 Life Science for Educators (3) (Prerequisite: CHEM/PHYS 105)
ENVI 110 Introduction to Earth Systems (4)

Social Sciences (6 units)

Select from Anthropology, Communication Studies, Ethnic Studies, Political Science, Psychology or Sociology
The following courses are strongly recommended as preparation for the CSET Exam.
PSYC 101 Introductory Psychology (3)
PSYC 314 Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence (3)

Philosophy (6 units)

PHIL 341 Ethics and Education (3)
One additional course other than logic or ethics, e.g. PHIL 110, 111, 112, 114, 481, 483

Humanities and the Fine Arts (18 units)

HIST 117 U.S. History to 1877 (3)
HIST 389 History of California (3)
ENGL 231 Children’s Literature (3)
MUSC 200 Comprehensive Musicianship for Educators (3)
THEA 155 Theatre in Education (3)
ARTV 350 Art Fundamentals (3)

NOTE: the following course is strongly recommended as preparation for the CSET Exam
EDUC 360 Physical Education in Elementary Schools (3)

These courses are recommended as electives when a major has decided to complete their credential coursework as part of a master’s program. These are also courses in the new Education Minor.
EDUC 124 Sport and Higher Education (3)
LEAD 162 Outdoor Leadership (3)
COMM 482 Children and Media (3)
EDUC 301 Introduction to Academic Mentoring (3)
EDUC 307 Spanish for Educators (3)
EDUC 337 Adolescent and Children’s Literature GLBTQ Communities (3)
SOCI 348 Juvenile Delinquency (3)

Concentrations (12-15 units)

The concentration provides broad, primarily upper division study in a subject area that forms a part of the elementary school curriculum. Select one concentration.

Art (12 units)

Choose one of the following tracks:

Art History Track

Prerequisite: ARTH 334 Art of the Twentieth Century in Europe and the Americas (3)
Choose three:
ARTH 333 Modern Art: 1780-1920 (3)
ARTH 336 History and Theory of Photography (3)
ARTH 339 Museum Studies (3)
ARTH 382 Public Art Studio Seminar (3)

3D / Sculpture Track

Prerequisite: ARTV 104 Foundations in Form, Space, and Time (3)
ARTV 364 Introduction to Sculpture: Form, Content, Context (3)
ARTV 367 3D Metalworking Studio (3)
Select a third upper division course in consultation with the Art Concentration coordinator (3)

Visual Communication and Graphic Design Track

Prerequisite: ARTV 103 Design Foundations (3)
ARTV 108 Introduction to New Media in Art (3)
ARTV 300 Visual Communications (3)
Choose one:
ARTV 308 Web Art (3)
ARTV 401 Advanced Visual Communications (3)

Photography Track

Prerequisite: ARTV 160 Photography (3)
Required: ARTV 353 Color Photography (3)
Select two upper division courses in consultation with the Art Concentration coordinator (6)

Painting and Drawing Track

Prerequisite: ARTV 101 Fundamentals of Drawing (3)
ARTV 302 Intermediate Drawing (3)
ARTV 328 Fundamentals of Painting (3)
Select a third upper division course in consultation with the Art Concentration coordinator (3)

History (12 units)

Choose one:
HIST 102 The Ancient World (3)
HIST 103 The Medieval World (3)
HIST 108 The Atlantic World, 1500-1800 (3)
HIST 109 The Pacific World, 1500-1800 (3)

Choose one:
HIST 346 Topics in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (3)
HIST 347 Topics in Modern Europe (3)
HIST 358 Topics in Modern World History (3)

Choose two:
HIST 359 Modern Middle East (3)
HIST 360 Colonial Latin America (3)
HIST 361 Modern Latin America (3)
HIST 364 Topics in Asian History (3)
HIST 365 History of China (3)
HIST 366 History of Japan (3)
HIST 368 History of Africa (3)
HIST 384 History of Mexico (3)

Life Science (13-15 units)

BIOL 190 Introduction to Evolution (3)
BIOL 221 Introduction to Organismsal Diversity (3)
BIOL 221L Introduction to Organismsal Diversity Laboratory (1)
BIOL 225 Introduction to Cell Processes (3)
BIOL 225L Introduction to Cell Processes Laboratory (1)

Choose one:
BIOL 344 Plant Systematics (4)
BIOL 346 Vertebrate Natural History (4)
BIOL 350 Invertebrate Zoology (4)
BIOL 361 Ecological Communities of San Diego County (2)

Literature (12 units)

ENGL 222 Poetry (3)
ENGL 358 U.S. Ethnic Literature (3)

Choose two:
ENGL 348 Nineteenth Century Novel (3)
ENGL 356 U.S. Literature from 1900 to 1940 (3)
ENGL 357 Modern U.S. Nonfiction (3)
ENGL 359 Modern U.S. Fiction (3)
ENGL 360 Modern Poetry (3)
ENGL 362 Modern Drama (3)
ENGL 364 Postcolonial Studies (3)
ENGL 366 Modern European Literature (3)
ENGL 368 Modern British Literature (3)
ENGL 374 Gender and Literature (3)

Marine Science (12 units)

ENVI 121 Life in the Ocean (4)
ENVI 331W Coastal Environmental Science (4)
MARS 220 Introduction to Physical Oceanography (4)

Mathematics (13-14 units)

Note: Other choices are possible for students with advanced standing in mathematics. Please consult with the mathematics concentration coordinator before selecting courses.

MATH 120 Introduction to Statistics (3)
MATH 150 Calculus I (4)

Choose two:
COMP 150 Computer Programming I (3)
MATH 112 Investigations in Modern Mathematics (3)
MATH 151 Calculus II (4)
MATH 160 Logic for Mathematics and Computer Science (3); also satisfies the CC logic requirement
MATH 320 Linear Algebra (3)*
* MATH 151 is a prerequisite

Multicultural Studies (15 units)

Sociology (6 units)

SOCI 101D Introduction to Sociology (3)

Choose one:
SOCI 311 Popular Culture (3)
SOCI 320 U.S. Society (3)
SOCI 331D Race and Ethnic Relations (3)
SOCI 350 Social Institutions (3)
SOCI 357 Inequality and Stratification (3)
SOCI 363 Urban Sociology (3)
SOCI 370 Sociology of Education (3)

Anthropology (6 units)

ANTH 102 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)

Choose one:
ANTH 320D North American Indian Cultures (3)
ENTH 321D California and Great Basin Indian Cultures (3)
ANTH 323D Southwest Indian Cultures (3)
ANTH 327 South American Indian Cultures (3)
ANTH 328 Caribbean Cultures (3)
ANTH 370 Indigenous Religions (3)
ANTH 380 Cultural Diversity (3)

Ethnic Studies (3 units)

Choose one:
ETHN 220D Introduction to African-American Studies (3)
ETHN 230D Introduction to American Indian Studies (3)
ETHN 240D Introduction to Chicano/Latino Studies (3)
ETHN 250D Introduction to Asian American Studies (3)

Music (15 units)

Note: For students with previous musical training and experience, other choices may be possible in consultation with the music concentration coordinator.

MUSC 120 Fundamentals of Music Theory (3)
MUSC 210 Aural and Keyboard Skills I (1)
MUSC 220 Harmony I (3)

Choose one:
MUSC 101D American Music (3)
MUSC 102 Jazz (3)
MUSC 130 Music in Society (3)

Choose one:
MUSC 109 Introduction to Sonic Art (3)
MUSC 140 Music in World Cultures (3)

Choose two:
MUSC 105 Class Piano I (1)
MUSC 107 Class Voice (1)
MUSC 108 Class Guitar (1)
MUSC 150 Chamber Music Ensembles (1)
MUSC 153 Concert Choir (1)
MUSC 155 Jazz Ensemble (1)
MUSC 157 Gamelan Ensemble (1)
MUSC 160-181 Individual Music lessons (1)
MUSC 205 Class Piano II (1)
MUSC 180 Conducting (1)

Spanish Language and Latin American Cultures 15 units; recommended for Bi-Lingual Authorization)


Prerequisite: ANTH 102 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (3)
Required: HIST 383 Chicano History (3)


SPAN 301 Grammar and Composition (3)
SPAN 303 Introduction to Cultural Analysis (3)
SPAN 304 Cultural History of Latin America (3)

Theatre (13 units)

THEA 305 Technical Theatre with Lab (4)
THEA 230 Acting I (3)

Choose one:
THEA 220 Fundamentals of Theatrical Design (3)
THEA 302 Acting II (3)

Choose one additional course from the following:*
THEA 220 Fundamentals of Theatrical Design (3)
THEA 302 Acting II (3)
THEA 303 Costume Construction (3)
THEA 320 Scenic Design (3)
THEA 330 Costume Design (3)
THEA 340 Voice and Speech (3)
THEA 350 Movement for Actors (3)
THEA 360W Theatre History (3)
THEA 365W Playwriting (3)
THEA 369 Contemporary Theatre (3)
THEA 375C Theatre and Community (3)
THEA 435 Acting III (3)
THEA 445 Producing and Directing (3)
THEA 455 Stage Management (3)
THEA 494 Special Topics in Theatre (3)
*Some upper division courses may have prerequisites

Professional Preparation - Teaching Credential Requirements

Credential Option 1: Preliminary Multiple Subject (33 Units)

The Multiple Subject Teaching Credential authorizes the holder to teach in a self-contained classroom such as the classrooms in most elementary schools. However, a teacher authorized for multiple subject instruction may be assigned to teach in any self-contained classroom (preschool, K–12, or in classes organized primarily for adults). In addition, the holder of a Multiple Subject Teaching Credential may serve in a core or team teaching setting.

Foundations Block

(must be taken before beginning the Methods Block; these courses may be taken before admission to the Credential Program.

ENGL 318 Development of the English Language (3)
EDUC 381C Multicultural and Philosophical Foundations in a Global Society (3, ~10 practicum hours)
EDUC 382 Psychological Foundations of Education in a Diverse Society (3, ~ 8 observation hours)

Methods Block

(must be completed before beginning Student Teaching; candidates must be admitted to the credential program.
EDUC 385P Elementary Curriculum Methods for Global Classrooms (6 units, 50 hour practicum)
EDUC 383P Methods of Teaching Reading and Language Arts (3, 50 hour practicum)
EDUC 384C Methods of Teaching English Language and Academic Development in Crosscultural Contexts (3, 20 hours)
EDSP 389 Healthy Environments and Inclusive Education in a Global Society (3, 5 hours)

Student Teaching Block

(courses taken concurrently)

EDUC 490P Student Teaching for the Multiple Subject Credential (9 units, full-day, full-time assignment in K-12 school)
EDUC 490S Student Teaching Seminar for the Multiple Subject Credential (3)

Credential Option 2: Level I Education Specialist Credential: Mild/Moderate

The Preliminary Education Specialist Level I (Mild/Moderate) Credential Program prepares future teachers to serve children, youth, and adults who have special learning or emotional needs. The Education Specialist credential may be used in K-12 resource rooms, special day classes, or alternative settings. The Level I Education Specialist Credential in Mild/Moderate Disabilities, which authorizes teachers to instruct individuals in grades K-12 and adults who have specific learning disabilities, mild/moderate mental retardation, other health impairments, and/or serious emotional disturbance.

Prerequisite Foundations Coursework
EDSP 389 Health Environments/Inclusive Education in a Global Society (3)
ENG 318 Development of the English Language (3)

Foundations Block

(should try to complete before beginning Methods Block; The following courses may be taken before admission to the Credential Program)

EDSP 373 Diverse Family Systems and Transitions (3) Fall only
EDSP 374 Global Perspectives and Foundations in SPED (3) Fall only
EDSP 379 Legal, Ethical and Professional Practices in a Diverse Society (2 units) Intersession only

Methods Block Special Education Coursework

These courses can be taken concurrently with Foundation Block and in any order. Must complete prior to Student Teaching

EDSP 370 Assessment Identification to Transition in Special Education (3) Spring only
EDSP 371 Management Behavior and Instruction (3) SS August
EDSP 372 Language Variance and Assistive Technology (3) Spring only
EDSP 375P Evidence Based Inclusive Practices Mild/Moderate 5-22 (3) Spring semester only.

Methods Block General Education Multiple Subject Content Coursework

EDUC 383P Methods of Teaching Reading & Language Arts (3, 50 hours field work) Fall, Spring
EDUC 384C Methods of Teaching English Language & Academic Development in Crosscultural Contexts (3, 20 hours field work) Fall, Spring
EDUC 375P Inclusive Curricula for Learners 5-22 (3) Fall semester only.

Student Teaching Block

(courses taken concurrently)
EDSP 490P Student Teaching Mild to Moderate Disabilities (6 units, full-day) Fall, Spring