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Department of

Biology

Course Descriptions

Courses for Non-Majors (BIOL)

BIOL 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, and 122, 123 will satisfy the core curriculum requirement. BIOL 101, 102, 104, 105, and 106 are three hours of lecture weekly. None of these courses will satisfy requirements for the major or minor in biology.

BIOL 101, 111 - Survey of Biology
BIOL 102, 112 - Ecology and Environmental Biology
BIOL 103 - Plants and Peoples
BIOL 104, 114 - Topics in Human Biology
BIOL 105, 115 - Physiology of Exercise
BIOL 106 - Human Physiology and Neurobiology
BIOL 108 - Biology of Birds
BIOL 110 - Life Science for Educators
BIOL 122, 123 - Introductory Anatomy and Physiology I and II

Courses for Biology Majors (BIOL)

BIOL 190 - Introduction to Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution
BIOL 221 - Biology of Organisms
BIOL 221L - Biology of Organisms Laboratory
BIOL 225 - Introduction to Cell Processes
BIOL 225L - Introduction to Cell Processes Laboratory
BIOL 300 - Genetics
BIOL 300L - Genetics Laboratory
BIOL 301 - Biostatistics
BIOL 305 - Ecology
BIOL 309 - Research Methods
BIOL 310 - Evolution
BIOL 312 - Molecular Methods in Evolutionary Biology
BIOL 318 - Principles of Biogeography
BIOL 320 - Evolution of Vertebrate Structure
BIOL 325 - Developmental Plant Anatomy
BIOL 330 - Histology
BIOL 342 - Microbiology
BIOL 344 - Plant Systematics
BIOL 346 - Vertebrate Natural History
BIOL 348 - Insect Biology
BIOL 350 - Invertebrate Zoology
BIOL 361 - Ecological Communities of San Diego County
BIOL 364 - Conservation Biology

BIOL 374 - Neurobiology
BIOL 376 - Animal Development
BIOL 382 - Techniques in Molecular Biology
BIOL 416 - Population Biology
BIOL 432 - Electron Microscopy
BIOL 451W - Biological Oceanography
BIOL 460W - Ecology
BIOL 472 - Plant Physiology
BIOL 477 - Invertebrate Physiology
BIOL 477L - Invertebrate Physiology Laboratory
BIOL 478 - Vertebrate Physiology
BIOL 478L - Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory
BIOL 480 - Cell Physiology
BIOL 480L - Cell Physiology Laboratory
BIOL 482 - Molecular Biology
BIOL 484 - Immunology
BIOL 490 - Reserach Methods/Senior Projects
BIOL 491 - Science in the Public Domain
BIOL 494 - Topics in Biology
BIOL 495 - Senior Seminar
BIOL 496 - Research
BIOL 497 - Techniques in Biology
BIOL 498 - Internship in Biology


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101, 111 Survey of Biology / 3 UNITS
A one-semester course in the general concepts of biology providing the non-major with an overview of the living world and the principles of life processes. BIOL 101 is lecture only, 111 is two hours of lecture per week and one laboratory every other week.

102, 112 Ecology and Environmental Biology / 3 UNITS
Investigation of the natural environment and the relationship of its biotic and abiotic components. Topics will include the ecosystem concept, population growth and regulation, and our modification of the environment. BIOL 102 is lecture only, 112 is two hours of lecture per week and one laboratory every other week. Laboratory will include field trips, one of which will be an overnight trip to the desert. Cross-listed as ENVI 102.

103 Plants and Peoples / 3 UNITS
A one-semester course about humans and their knowledge, uses, and abuses of plants. The biology of plants, selected protists, and fungi are considered from a scientific viewpoint; included are ecology, anatomy, morphology, physiology, taxonomy, and biotechnology. These organisms are also considered with regard to resource utilization and agriculture: the uses and abuses of plants for fibers; foods; beverages; medicinals and other ends occupy the majority of the course. Three hours of lecture weekly.

104, 114 Topics in Human Biology / 3 UNITS
This is a course in general biology with a human emphasis for non-majors. The general principles of evolution, genetics, biochemistry, and physiology are illustrated by reference to normal and abnormal human body function. Behavioral biology and ecology are also treated from a primarily human viewpoint. 104 is lecture only, 114 is two hours of lecture per week and one laboratory every other week.

105, 115 Physiology of Exercise / 3 UNITS
A study of human physiology and how the body accommodates physical exercise. Training procedures, health, and importance of nutrition and ergogenic aids are emphasized. phys 105 is lecture only for 3 units, 115 is three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: Full academic years of high school biology and chemistry are strongly recommended.

106 Human Physiology and Neurobiology / 3 UNITS
A non-majors course designed for students interested in the human body, its composition, and function. The course will examine basic human physiology with special attention given to the brain and its function. Three hours of lecture weekly. Prerequisites: High school chemistry, anatomy, and physiology are strongly recommended.

108 Biology of Birds / 3 UNITS
This integrated lab and lecture course covers a wide variety of subjects related to birds. The lecture addresses their evolution and ecology, their anatomy and physiology, and their behavior, especially during reproduction. The laboratory portion of the course illustrates the unique anatomy of birds and explains how they are classified, but most of the laboratories comprise a series of field trips to different local habitats to identify the large variety of avian species in San Diego. One field trip may be overnight to the desert. Two hours of lecture and one hour of laboratory weekly.

110 Life Science for Educators / 3 UNITS
A one-semester course in the general concepts of biology tailored for the Liberal Studies major. The course is designed to meet the subject matter requirement in Life Science for the Multiple Subject Teaching Credential. Topics covered include an overview of the scientific method, biochemical molecules, cell structure and function, anatomy and physiology of animals and plants, genetics, evolution, and ecology. Field trips and laboratory assignments will provide experience with selected biological principles and practices. Prerequisite: CHEM 105. Students majoring in Liberal Studies cannot take this course pass/fail. Two hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly.

122, 123 Introductory Anatomy and Physiology I and II / 4 UNITS / 4 UNITS
An introductory course in human body structure and function. Intended to meet the requirements of students preparing for allied health occupations. This course will not satisfy requirements for a major or minor in Biology. Lecture and laboratory. (summer)



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Courses for Biology Majors (BIOL)

190 Introduction to Genetics, Ecology, and Evolution / 3 UNITS
This one semester foundation course for Biology majors provides an introduction to the mechanisms of inheritance, evolution, and ecology. Three hours of lecture weekly. No prerequisite. (Every semester).

221 Biology of Organisms / 3 UNITS
This one semester foundation course for Biology majors provides an introduction to the major groups of organisms with an emphasis on their structure, function, and evolutionary relationships. Three hours of lecture weekly. Concurrent registration in BIOL 221L is strongly recommended. Prerequisite BIOL 190. (Every semester)

221L Biology of Organisms Laboratory / 1 UNIT
A laboratory course to complement the lecture material presented in BIOL 221. Prerequisite: BIOL 190, and concurrent registration in BIOL 221 or consent of the instructor. (Every semester)

225 Introduction to Cell Processes / 3 UNITS
This one semester foundation course for Biology majors provides an introduction to the concepts of structure and function in biological systems at the molecular and cellular level. The topics of cell structure and function, biological macromolecules, respiration, photosynthesis, molecular biology, and selected areas of physiology are covered with emphasis on regulatory mechanisms. Three hours of lecture weekly. Concurrent registration in BIOL 225L is stonrgly recommended. Prerequisites: BIOL 190, and completion of, or concurrent registration in CHEM 151. (Every semester)

225L Introduction to Cell Processes Laboratory / 1 UNIT
A laboratory course to complement the lecture material presented in BIOL 225 .Prerequisite: BIOL 190, and concurrent registration in BIOL 225, or consent of the instructor. (Every semester)

300 Genetics / 3 UNITS
A general course covering the mechanisms of inheritance at the molecular, organismal, and populational levels. Elementary probability and statistical methodology appropriate for the analysis of various genetic systems are introduced. Three hours of lecture weekly. Completion of BIOL 221 and 221L is stonrgly recommended. Prerequisited: BIOL 190, 225, and 225L.. (Every semester)

301L Biostatistics / 4 UNITS
An introduction to data analysis and statistical testing. This course will prepare students for their upper-division courses and independent research by teaching them the basics of hypothesis testing and the most common statistical tests used in biology. It will also cover basic experimental design, teach students how to use computer software for simple tests, and introduce students to modern nonparametric tests. Three hours weekly. (Spring semester)

305 Ecology / 3 UNITS
A study of the distribution and abundance of organisms. This basic course will include a discussion of the physical environment, biogeography, and ecosystems. Community and population ecology will also be addressed. One or two weekend field trips may be required. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L. (Every semester)

309 Research Methods/ 2 UNITS
Development of basic methods and skills common to all research in Biology. Topics include use of literature, hypothesis formation and hypothesis testing with statistical inference, and critical evaluation of data. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300 or 305 depending upon instructor. (Every semester)

310 Evolution / 3 UNITS
A study of the fundamental concepts of evolution. The nature of variation, isolation, natural selection, and speciation will be discussed. Special topics include molecular, behavioral, developmental, and human evolution. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305.

320 Evolution of Vertebrate Structure / 4 UNITS
The evolution of vertebrates is one of the most compelling stories in comparative biology. For millions of years vertebrates have flourished in the seas and on land by employing a variety of morphological specializations for feedings, locomotion, and reproduction. Yet, all vertebrates retain similarities in their design regardless of how structural components function in different lineages and environments. This course examines the shared and transformed anatomical attributes among vertebrates in the context of function and phylogenetic history. We pursue that objective by integrating lecture discussions with laboratory observations and directions. Two hours of lecture and two laboratories weekly. (Fall semester)

340 Desert Biology/ 4 UNITS
This course provides an introduction to the formation and climate of the local Colorado Desert and the evolution, ecology, physiological adaptations, adn relationships of the organisms found there. The lab portion includes five days hiking and camping in Anza Borrego Desert State Park during Spring Break, where the floral and faunal communities of several habitat types will be studied through trapping, tracking, and experiment. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Spring semester)

342 Microbiology / 4 UNITS
An introduction to the microbial world, with emphasis given to bacteria, archaea and viruses. A diversity of prokaryotes is examined with particular attention devoted to differences in cell physiology, energy metabolism and ecology. Interactions between the human immune system and microbial pathogens are examined. The laboratoy stresses procedures to culture and identify microorganisms. Two hours of lecture and two laboratories weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Fall semester)

344 Plant Systematics / 4 UNITS
An introduction to the study of plant diversity. The evolution of plants is examined from the perspective of geological adn ecological history. Significant plant groups will be covered, with special emphasis on the flowering plants. Field identification of plant families will be empasized in the laboratory sessions. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Spring semester)

346 Vertebrate Natural History / 4 UNITS
A course in the biology of vertebrates. Although vertebrate structure, function, and development are studied, emphasis is on the behavior, evolution, and interaction of the vertebrate organism as a whole, or at the population level. Techniques of identification and study are covered in the laboratory and field. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory or field trip weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Spring semester)

348 Insect Biology / 4 UNITS
An introduction to the biology of insects, including their identification, evolution, structure, function, physiology, ecology, behavior, and conservation. The course includes compilation of an extensive insect collection and an overnight field trip to the desert. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Spring semester)

350 Invertebrate Zoology / 4 UNITS
A survey of the invertebrate animals with emphasis on evolutionary relationships among the groups as expressed by their morphology and physiology. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Spring semester)

361 Ecological Communities of San Diego County / 4 UNITS
A general survey of the ecological communities of San Diego County will acquaint students with local marine, freshwater, chaparral, and desert habitats. The course is primarily field study, and one overnight trip to the desert will be included. Identification of organisms and their ecological relationships will be stressed. One laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. Cross-listed as ENVI 361. (Spring semester)

364 Conservation Biology / 4 UNITS
Lectures address conservation topics from historical, legal, theoretical, and practical perspectives. The laboratory includes discussions of classic and current literature, student presentations, computer simulations of biological phenomena, analysis of data, and field trips to biological preserves, habitat restoration sites, and captive breeding facilities. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. Cross-listed as ENVI 364. (Fall semester)

376 Animal Development / 4 UNITS
This course explores embryonic development emphasizing mechanisms of differential gene expression and pattern formation at a cellular, molecular, and genetic level. Vertebrate and invertebrate model organisms (e.g. Xenopus, Drosophila, Caenorhabditis) which illustrate common developmental mechanisms will be examined in detail. In laboratory, living embryos and prepared slides will be studied, and molecular techniques will be employed to identify genes and examine gene expression. Three hours lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Fall semester)

382 Techniques in Molecular Biology / 4 UNITS
An introduction to recombinant DNA techniques including bacterial culture, transformation, DNA purification, restriction analysis, cloning, hybridization, polymerase chain reaction, RNA isolation, library construction, and recombinant protein expression. Computer-based sequence analyses include database accession, BLAST, alignment, restriction analysis, and gene-finding. An investigative project will be undertaken. Two hours of lecture and two 3-hour laboratories weekly. Completion of CHEM 301/301L is recommended. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Spring semester)

416 Population Biology / 4 UNITS
The mechanisms of evolution and the dynamics of ecosystems are studied through the development of mathematical and computer models. The mathematics and computer programming experience required in this course beyond the level of MATH 130 – Survey of Calculus will be introduced as needed. Research techniques used in investigating population phenomena are emphasized. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Biostatistics is hughly recommended. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Fall semester)

432 Electron Microscopy / 4 UNITS
An introduction to the theory, development, and operation of the electron microscope, with emphasis on development of knowledge of cellular fine structure. The laboratory portion of the course will focus on tissue preparation, microscope operation, and evaluation and presentation of electron microscopic data. Two hours of lecture and two laboratories weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Spring semester)

451W Biological Oceanography / 4 UNITS
An integrated study of marine organisms and their environments, stressing ecological, behavioral, and physiological relationships. Nearshore, deep sea, and open ocean environments will be covered. A weekend field trip may be required. Cross-listed as MARS 451W. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305. (Fall semester)

460W Ecology / 4 UNITS
An integrated approach to plant and animal relationships in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. The lecture investigates ecosystem energetics, population dynamics, community structure, and physiological adaptations. The laboratory concentrates on population and community problems in a few environments. There will be one overnight field trip to the desert. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305; Introductory calculus. Biostatistics recommended. (Spring semester)

472 Plant Physiology / 4 UNITS
An introduction to the basic processes occurring in vascular plants. Movement of water and solutes; photosynthesis and respiration; plant growth and development, including plant hormones and growth regulators; and plant reactions to environmental stress will be studied. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Fall semester)

477 Invertebrate Physiology / 3 UNITS
The study of key physiological systems of invertebrate organisms with an emphasis on metabolism, respiration, osmoregulation, thermal relations, membrane, and neural physiology. The function of these systems will be examined by comparing invertebrates from various taxanomic groups and diverse habitats. Three hours of lecture weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Fall semester)

477L Invertebrate Physiology Laboratory / 1 UNIT
Laboratory-based study of several physiological systems of invertebrate organisms. Both traditional and recently developed techniques will be employed to demonstrate the functioning and integrative nature of these systems. One laboratory weekly. Concurrent registration in BIOL 477 required. (Fall semester)

478 Vertebrate Physiology / 3 UNITS
A detailed comparative examination of life processes in animals. Particular focus will be upon energy utilization, gas transport, kidney function, and muscle function of organisms from diverse habitats. Three hours of lecture weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Spring semester)

478L Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory / 1 UNIT
An intensive exploration in a research setting of metabolic pathways, temperature acclimation, gas exchange, and ion regulation in a variety of animals. Particular focus will be upon energy utilization, gas transport, kidney function, and muscle function of organisms from diverse habitats. One laboratory weekly. Concurrent registration in BIOL 478 required. (Spring semester)

480 Cell Physiology / 3 UNITS
Mechanisms of cell functions are emphasized. Topics covered include: membrane structure; membrane transport; endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi functions; cell motility; energetics; mechanisms of hormone action; cellular immunology; and control of the cell cycle. Three hours of lecture weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 305 and CHEM 301. (Spring semester)

480L Cell Physiology Laboratory / 1 UNIT
The laboratory exercises introduce the student to some of the modern methods used to study cell function. One laboratory weekly. Concurrent registration in BIOL 480 is required. (Spring semester)

482 Molecular Biology / 3 UNITS
A study of the structure and function of genes, emphasizing the understanding of gene regulation at many levels. The course will examine DNA structure and mechanics of replication, repair, transcription, and translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Critical experiments will be studied to examine the development of concepts in molecular biology. Other special topics may include the molecular biology of development, cancer, HIV, and whole genome analysis. Three hours of lecture weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 30 and CHEM 301. (Spring semester)

484 Immunology / 4 UNITS
A comprehensive introduction to immunology, focusing on vertebrate immunity. Topics covered include molecular and cellular components of the immune system and their regulation, long term protection from disease, immune response to cancer, autoimmunity, hypersensitivity, immunodeficiencies, and transplants. Laboratory exercises will introduce students to immunological techniques and their applications. Three hours of lecture and one laboratory weekly. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300. (Fall semester)

490 Research Methods/Senior Project/ 4 UNITS
Students work on individual reserach projects that apply appropriate reserach technaiques to test hypotheses. Completion of course will require oral presentation of results. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 309 with a grade of C- of better.

491 Science in the Public Domain/ 3 UNITS
Students will design and implement sicence projects that demonstrate a basic scientific concept for elementary school students in an after school program. Students explore methods of pedagogy and the role of outreach and community service learning in communicating science. Tasks include practicing grant-writing, hypothesis testing and assessment. Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 309 with a grade of C- of better.

494 Topics in Biology / 1-4 UNITS
An in-depth evaluation of selected topics in the biological sciences. Issues of current or historical interest are addressed. May be repeated when topic changes. A total of 3 units may be applied to the Biology major or minor.Prerequisites: BIOL: 190, 221, 221L, 225, 225L and 300 or 305 depending on topic.

495 Senior Seminar / 1 UNIT
The techniques of seminar presentation will be studied by preparing and presenting individual seminars on topics of interest. Enrollment for credit is limited to seniors. (Every semester)

496 Research / 1-3 UNITS
Students develop and/or assist in research projects in various fields of biology working with Biology Department faculty memeber.. The study may involve literature searching, on and off campus research, and attendance at seminars at other leading universities and scientific institutions. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Total credit in BIOL 496 is normally limited to 3 units. (Every semester)

497 Techniques in Biology / 1-3 UNITS
Training and practice in those areas of biological science of practical importance to the technician, teacher, and researcher. To include, but not be limited to: technical methodology, preparation and technique in the teaching laboratory, and routine tasks supportive to research. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Total credit in BIOL 497 is normally limited to 3 units. (Every semester)

498 Internship in Biology / 1-3 UNITS
This course offers experience in the practical and experimental application of biological principles. Students will be involved in research projects conducted by agencies and institutions outside the University, such as state parks, zoos, and biological industries. Enrollment is arranged on an individual basis according to a student’s interest and background, and is dependent on positions available and faculty approval. A maximum of 3 upper-division units can be earned toward fulfillment of the requirements of the major. (Every semester)